Mesothelioma is the most common type of cancer that is affecting millions of people around the world.
In this condition, malignant cells grow in the mesothelium region; note that, it is a protective sac that is responsible for covering most of the essential organs in the human body.
In most common cases, mesothelioma starts from the outer membranes of lungs, but many chances of its occurrence at abdominal cavity lining are also observed.
In a few rare cases, this disease can affect reproductive organs and heart as well.
Treatment of Mesothelioma usually depends upon where the cancerous cells are identified in the body.
However, the sad truth is that there is no reliable cure for Mesothelioma; it is possible to cure the condition through surgery but only if the cancerous cells are detected at an early stage.
But medical health studies reveal that Mesothelioma symptoms rarely appear at an early stage.
Most of the patients observe them at a later stage and then it becomes difficult to cure the condition through surgery as well.
Stats and facts about Mesothelioma:
One of the best methods to prevent Mesothelioma is to collect enough information about it.
The truth is that when you are aware of causes, symptoms and other aspects associated with some disease, it is easier to follow some preventive measures to save your health.
Below we have highlighted a few facts about Mesothelioma to improve your knowledge base:
· The most crucial point that everyone needs to know is Mesothelioma is commonly caused by repeated and excessive exposure to asbestos.
· Generally, there are four different types of Mesothelioma; they are pericardial, peritoneal, pleural and testicular. Medical health reports reveal that around 75% of Mesothelioma cases are related to Pleural.
· Studies reveal that 2-10% of people who undergo heavy exposure of asbestos for the long run are more likely to suffer Mesothelioma.
· The most shocking fact is that patients cannot observe the symptoms of Mesothelioma even after 20 to 50 years of asbestos exposure; during this time, tumors find their way to grow extensively that further treatments become almost impossible.
· The estimated life expectancy of Mesothelioma patients is only 12 to 22 months.
Mesothelioma is a common condition in Australia:
Reports say that Australia is observed to have the highest number of Mesothelioma cases in the world.
It is just because people in this country undergo huge and repeated exposure to asbestos during mining and routine use as well.
If we look at the stats presented in the year 2007, around 600 people were diagnosed with Mesothelioma cancer in Australia; out of these, approximately 81% of patients were men.
In some other report, around 131 cases of Mesothelioma ware observed at Victoria in the year 2011.
Experts reveal that the patients affected with asbestos-related diseases are likely to notice their symptoms after 2020.
Right from 1980, around 13000 new cases of Mesothelioma were reported in Australia.
There is no doubt to say that Mesothelioma is a very complicated disease and there are very few medical health professionals who can treat it.
However, if we look at the death toll of Mesothelioma, right from 1999 to 2015, almost 45221 Americans lost their lives due to this disease.
And more than 80% of those deaths were reported among men.
As symptoms of this disease are not noticeable at the early stage, around 37% of people who died of Mesothelioma were observed to be somewhere in the age group of 75 to 84.
What are the causes of Mesothelioma?
As already discussed, Mesothelioma happens when Malignant cells are developed in the Mesothelium region.
This protective sac is found at different parts in the human body, and it gets its name accordingly. For example, the most common ones are:
· Peritoneum – It is the membrane that forms the inner lining of pelvic cavities and the abdominal area.
· Parietal Pleura – This membrane lines the chest wall.
· Visceral Pleura – It surrounds lung area.
In most common cases, Mesothelioma symptoms are observed in the Pleura.
In normal conditions, two pleura touch each other and slide across during the breathing process.
Some slick of fluid lubricates this part. But when a person is suffering from pleural Mesothelioma, the pleura starts developing more fluid as compared to the usual requirement and as a result, it causes pleural effusion.
In general, Mesothelioma condition is observed in only one lung, and the tumor further tends to grow up to another lung as long as the entire organ stops functioning.
Researchers are still searching about how asbestos fibers find their way to the peritoneal cavity, but there are rare chances of their passage through the gut.
However, some reports reveal that asbestos fibers can find their path through the diaphragm.
In a few rare cases, the cancer cells also travel to the lymph nodes and some other parts of the body through the lymphatic system.
Common symptoms of Mesothelioma:
As we have discussed earlier, patients are not able to recognize the signs of Mesothelioma at an early stage.
The fact is that peritoneal and pleural Mesothelioma do not even cause any noticeable symptoms at an early stage.
However, at some later stage, cancer starts moving to some underlying tissue, and it may cause leakage of fluid to the cavity in the abdomen or chest area.
Each type of Mesothelioma shows different symptoms; few details about these conditions are explained below:
Symptoms associated with pleural Mesothelioma:
· Shortness of breath.
· Pain that can be accompanied with dull aching in the shoulder region and heaviness at the upper abdomen or chest wall.
· A persistent dry cough.
· At some later stages, patients suffering from pleural Mesothelioma can cause hoarseness, swallowing problems and spitting of blood as well.
Symptoms of Peritoneal Mesothelioma:
· Urinary and bowel problems.
· Nausea, poor appetite, and vomiting.
· High temperature.
· Swollen abdomen.
· Painful abdomen.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma at advanced stages:
· Unexplained weight loss.
· Confusion due to uncontrollable chemical imbalances.
If someone around you is suffering from any of these symptoms, it is good to contact experienced medical health experts as soon as possible.
They can help you find the desired cure on time.
The diagnosis for Mesothelioma usually needs chest x-rays, blood tests, medical history and details about asbestos exposure.