Reports reveal that most of the patients are not able to detect mesothelioma symptoms on the early stage.
In most cases, they are identified at an advanced stage when it is not even possible to treat them.
Studies reveal that the symptoms of mesothelioma disease become observation mostly at an advanced stage; i.e., stage 3 and at this point, the cancerous cells usually spread to many other parts of the body around the actual location of the tumor.
Due to this distant spreading of the affected cells, it becomes quite difficult to treat the disease on time.
Many patients are not even able to receive desired palliative care to deal with the issue.
As there are limited treatment options for mesothelioma cancer, most of the patients lose their life just within 15 to 16 months.
If someone in your neighborhood is also affected by mesothelioma cancer, and now you are interested in collecting more information about stage 3 condition; it is better to go through the content below.
Things to know about stage 3 mesothelioma:
Stage 3 Mesothelioma is generally detected near the pleura or the lung linings, and their pattern is well identified as a local spread.
When cancer reaches up to this advanced stage, the tumor cells find their way outside the pleural lining and may reach up to one side of the chest as well as to the lymph nodes.
In this condition, the heart sac, diaphragm, the chest wall layers, or the area between the lungs may get affected.
The only difference between stage 3 and stage 4 of mesothelioma cancer is that at the 3rd stage, the cancerous cells have not reached to the distant organs.
Some medical health professionals also prefer to divide stage 3 mesothelioma into two parts as stage 3A and stage 3B:
Stage 3A mesothelioma: In this stage, the tumors are spread to the nearby structures only; the affected area includes diaphragm, lung, and mediastinum on the chest.
Also, cancer has also spread to the chest wall area, heart sac, and the lymph node layers as well.
At this stage, it is still possible to treat the tumor with the help of surgery.
Stage 3B mesothelioma: There are two variations of this category where one is the spreading of lymph node and other is the actual size of the main tumor.
In case if the cancer is limited to the area surrounding the tumor; or the point of origin, there are still few chances to remove it with the help of surgery.
But in case if the cancerous cells have spread to a larger area, it becomes quite difficult to treat the issue with surgery.
Stage 3 Mesothelioma survival rates:
Reports reveal that the two-year survival rate for mesothelioma is somewhere between 26 to 30%.
As discussed earlier, in a few conditions, when the cancer is limited to a certain location in the body, it is possible to remove it with the help of surgery.
Some of the most common symptoms associated with this mesothelioma are difficulty in breathing and chest pain as well.
Medical health experts reveal that at stage 3, this type of cancer can also spread to the ribs, chest wall, spine, or even to lungs, including thymus, windpipe, and esophagus region.
Tumors generally find their way to abdomen lining through the diaphragm.
Further, it may grow to the lung lining and then reach to the other side of the chest.
Even if your disease symptoms are not detected at an early stage, it must be diagnosed as soon as you come to know about the symptoms at the beginning time of the 3rd stage.
In case if cancer finds its way to the lymph system or enters into the bloodstream, it may further spread to the distant organs, including chest cavity as well.
As a result, the condition becomes more difficult to treat.
The chances of five-year survival rate reduce by a great extent as the tumor keeps on spreading ahead at advanced stages.
Symptoms of mesothelioma at stage 3:
Some of you might be interested to know more about the symptoms of mesothelioma at stage 3 so that the issue can be detected as soon as possible.
Well, experts reveal that there are three major symptoms of stage 3 mesothelioma and they are recurring dry cough, tightness of the chest, and breath shortness.
But as the tumor in the patient’s body keeps on growing, it may also spread many other symptoms.
Note that, mesothelioma symptoms usually vary from patient to patient and the way cancer is spreading inside his body.
When the tumor finds its way to the chest wall, it usually leads to intolerable chest pain.
However, if the tumor is spreading to the lung area, the patient may face some discomfort while breathing.
Treatment options for stage 3 mesothelioma:
Most of the medical health experts prefer to use TNM for the treatment of pleural mesothelioma.
As already discussed, at stage 3A, there are few chances of removal of tumor via surgery, whereas it is not possible at stage 3B.
As surgical removal appears an expensive choice for most patients; you may also find them searching for an alternative treatment.
Well, some medical health studies reveal that the survival rate for mesothelioma can be increased by a considerable level when the surgery option is combined with the chemotherapy.
In this case, the therapy is continued as soon as the patient undergoes surgery.
Another common option to prevent recurrence of mesothelioma is radiation therapy.
Professionals reveal that there are some chances to improve the survival rate when radiation therapy is used right before the surgery as it helps to shrink the tumor.
In order to improve the overall quality of life so that the patient survival rate can be improved with positive psychology, experts also advise following palliative care methods.
This treatment is believed to lessen the pain associated with the disease.
Other than this, patients are also advised to perform complementary therapies such as yoga, acupuncture, and nutritional counseling as well.
It may help to enhance the survival rate by a certain extent.